A crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority (Wikipedia). No society is free from crime and it has been accepted that “crime is an ever-present condition, even as sickness, disease, and death” (Tannenbaum, 1943:2 as cited in Teeters, 1995:63).
In Nigeria and elsewhere, there is widespread agreement about few things. One area which everyone agrees about is crime prevention, especially since it is beneficial to society in general as this leads to a reduction in crime.
According to Morgan O. Reynolds, criminal experts are prone to say crime is “intractable,” that there is little we can do. This claim is false. Crime is complex, to be sure, because it involves factors beyond law enforcement such as the strength of the family, neighbourhoods, schools, and churches. But crime is simple in the sense that government officials can reduce crime by doing their job, namely, by making crime too unprofitable to practice.
Often times, crime is been considered as the fallout of bad parental upbringing. The family is where the character of children is initially shaped to conform to the generally accepted societal norms.
Studies have shown that a negative family characteristic such as poor parental supervision of children is often studied as a risk factor for future delinquency or crime, and children who come from such homes are believed to be at greater risk or are more likely to commit offenses than children who do not.
The inability of government to curb crime in Nigeria, is a major contributor to the increase of crime in our society. The primary role of the government is in protecting lives and properties and it performs this function through its institutions.
The easiest way for the government to curb crime is in crime prevention. Thus, the Police and other security agencies should note that their jobs doesn’t only entail the investigation and prosecution of suspects, but also includes strategies to ensure that those crimes do not occur in the first place.
One sure method of crime prevention is in the use of advanced technology such as public surveillance.
Other ways of curbing the menace in our society can be achieved through;
- reducing the income inequality amongst citizens,
- providing jobs to unemployed youths,
- sensitizing the citizens on the need to avoid crime, and
- putting systems in place that that allows the law to take its course.
Written by Udochukwu Nwoha